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Occurrence and Ecological Effects of Pharmaceutical Chemicals in Chicago Metropolitan Area Streams

An emerging concern in surface water quality is the presence of a   novel suite of contaminants: pharmaceuticals and personal care   products (PPCPs). Products used by humans such as painkillers,   antibiotics, caffeine and hormones persist after their intended use,   can enter wastewater treatment facilities in their original form or   as metabolites, and be released as a component of wastewater   treatment effluent to freshwater ecosystems. While, it is recognized   that PPCPs are present in surface waters which receive wastewater   treatment effluent, the ecological effects of these novel   contaminants are not currently known. In addition, PPCPs were   specifically designed to have a biological effect; therefore the   likelihood that they will have consequences for biota may be high.    The presence of PPCPs may be a contributing factor in the   degradation of urban streams. Previous research demonstrated that   the quality of the basal food resource of an urban river food web,   as measured by aquatic macroinvertebrate growth rates, declined with   increasing permitted wastewater discharge. This decline was not   related to conventional contaminants (e.g., metals) and the   researchers hypothesize that reduced food quality may be a result of   PPCPs in wastewater effluent. Loyola University Chicago is uniquely   situated within close proximity of surface waters receiving large   amounts of wastewater effluent. Because of this, the researchers   propose to investigate the ecological effects of these novel   contaminants in the metropolitan Chicago area.    (pharmaceuticals); (pharmaceutical); (chemicals of emerging   concern); (chemical of emerging concern); (chemicals of concern);   (chemical of concern); (personal care products); (personal care   product); (PPCP's); (PPCP); (PPCPs); (wastewater); (hormone);   (hormones)

Status
In progress
Type
Project
Start Date
End Date
Researchers
Emma J. Rosi-MarshallPrincipal Investigator
Associated with 1 projects
Agencies

Funding 13 projects for a total of $538,321.00

Funding 1 projects for a total of $0.00
Scope of Study
Field Investigation
Scale of Phenomena
Biochemical
Annex Numbers
Hazardous Polluting Substances - lists
Persistent Toxic Substances
Research & Development
Annex 17
Cause-effect inter-relationships of productivity and ecotoxicity
Mass transfer of pollutants between GL Basin Ecosystem components
Physical and transformational processes affecting delivery of pollutants
Annex
  • Annex Numbers
    Annex Numbers
    Hazardous Polluting Substances - lists
    Persistent Toxic Substances
    Research & Development
  • Annex 17
    Annex 17
    Cause-effect inter-relationships of productivity and ecotoxicity
    Mass transfer of pollutants between GL Basin Ecosystem components
    Physical and transformational processes affecting delivery of pollutants

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