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Development of Environmental Indicators of Condition, Integrity, and Sustainability in the Coastal Regions of the US Great Lakes Basin

This project will test the indicators with a combination of existing   data, a pilot study, and a more comprehensive field study in years 2   and 3 that are linked with stressors of the basin. Year 4 will be   dedicated to analysis and recommendation of a suite of   hierarchically structured indicators. Our research plan uses EPA's   ecological risk assessment paradigm to: 1) illustrate the   development of indicators, 2) test cause and effect between   stressors and endpoints, and 3) provide essential linkages with EPA   initiatives and programs. Indicators are divided into pressure   (stressors) and state indicators (individual, population, community,   and landscape-level endpoints or responses to the stressors). Major   stressors include land use change, climate change, point and non-  point discharges, exotic species, atmospheric deposition, and   hydrological modifications. State indicators focus on biotic   populations and communities (amphibian, bird, diatoms, fish,   macroinvertebrates, and aquatic plants), land cover, and water   quality (contaminants, nutrients). Field sampling will employ a   random stratified design using ecological provinces, watersheds,   shoreline reaches, and ecosystem types as the basis for   stratification.    Our goal is to identify the relationship between stressors and   ecosystem response, which would allow predictions of stressor   impacts to be made. These will allow us to recommend the most   efficient, cost-effective, reliable, and understandable indicators   to scientists and managers. These indicators will be easily visible,   simple to monitor, and will allow managers to easily communicate the   environmental condition of the Great Lakes nearshore and coastal   areas to the general public. The Great Lakes Sea Grant network will   provide support and communicate these results to the Great Lakes   community.    (stressors); (stressor impact); (stressor impacts); (environmental   stressors); (stressor); (indicator); (indicators)

Status
In progress
Type
Project
Start Date
End Date
Scope of Study
Field Investigation
Laboratory Investigation
Literature / Existing Data
Scale of Phenomena
Biochemical
Cellular
Community
Ecosystem
Landscape
Organism
Physical/Chemical
Population
Impact of Pollutants
Exotic Species
Nutrients, Including Phosphorus
Radiation
Toxic Metals
Toxic Organics
Land Use and Habitat
Shoreline
Uplands
Wetlands
Lake Basin Connecting Channels
Lake Erie
Lake Huron
Lake Michigan
Lake Ontario
Lake Superior
State Province
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
New York
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Wisconsin
Region Being Monitored
Benthos
Coastal Wetlands
Land Use
Near and OpenShore Waters
Nearshore Terrestrial
Tributary Mouth
Resource Being Monitored
Agricultural Land Use
Air Quality
Bottom Sediment
Emission / Release / Discharge / Waste Management
Fisheries
Forestry
Groundwater
Habitat
Human Health
Hydrologic / Hydrometric / Climatic
Plankton / Microorganisms
Suspended Sediments
Urban Land Use
Wildlife
Control And Mitigation
Habitat Manipulation
Annex Numbers
Remedial Action Plans and Lakewide Management Plans
General
Monitoring
Annex

The Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Research Inventory is an
interactive, Internet-based, searchable database created as a tool to collect and disseminate
up-to-date information about research projects in the
Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Region.